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Planning to leave your boat during the Coronavirus crisis? Read this first!

Leaving your boat unattended without proper planning can have a bad effect on your boat and spoil your fun on the water.

During this COVID-19 crisis you are allowed to visit and use your boat. Practice the Safer At Home policies of Safe Distancing and washing your hands. First on the check list is to have hand sanitizer on board and use it. For many of us our boats are our 2nd home, but in the event you need to leave your boat for awhile, here is a list of things to consider:

There are 5 major categories:

1. Unexpected visitors

2. Weather

3. Moisture

4. Inspections and Maintenance

5. Unexpected events, like fire or sinking.

Unexpected Visitors which could be humans or critters

  • Visitor-proof your boat: Lock hatches, doors, companionways.
  • Consider installing web-controlled cameras.
  • Chat up your local live-aboard to see how there doing, and ask them to keep an eye out. Exchange contact information with others on your dock.
  • Bugs and other animals are attracted by the smell of food. Wipe up any spills; throw away food, empty trash cans.
  • Remove any food you aren’t going to eat in the near future. Consider keeping a basic supply of food should you need to use your boat as a back-up to home.
  • Pasta, rice, crackers will mildew and attract bugs. Keep these items in the fridge or store in airtight containers.
  • Cambro Translucent Square Food Storage Container with Cover are good to use for grouping and storing similar items.
  • Soda cans or other aluminum cans will develop pinholes and leak.
  • Canned food is generally good up to 100 degrees.
  • Put out ant and roach traps throughout the boat.
  • Stuff the end of the boom with small towels to discourage bees, wasps and birds from nesting in the folds.

Weather

In Southern California we don’t have to worry about hurricanes or snow storms. But, we could have the occasional high wind, rain, but most likely sunshine.

  • Make sure canvas is well-lashed down.
  • Remove wind-vulnerable items for the deck and store them below.
  • Cover surfaces with canvas.
  • Curtains inside can save cushions from fading.
  • Wax the outside of the boat to maintain the color, shine, and integrity of a gel coat finish.

Moisture

Yes, this is a problem even in warm Southern California.

  • Control mold or mildew by wiping down cabinets with a one of the many commercial products available or use a mixture of 50/50 vinegar and water.
  • Using a “Swifter” pad makes the job covers more area and makes the job faster.
  • Be careful to avoid wiping down metal handles and knobs. 
  • Track down leaks and fix them. Yes, easier said then done.
  • Put a few strategically placed fans to help with air circulation.
  • Leave on a low-powered portable heater or dehumidifier.
  • Open cabinet doors, remove unnecessary food, wipe down all surfaces, leave the doors open.
  • Wipe down the fridge. Leave only what is necessary for a quick or emergency trip to the boat.

Inspections and Maintenance

  • Check power connections are secured and there are no frayed wires.
  • Check dock lines for chafing. Double up if you are concerned.
  • Check scuppers to insure they not blocked.
  • Check hoses, through-hulls, the bilge, engine and any other potential problems.
  • Thru-hulls: https://www.sailmagazine.com/diy/know-how-thru-hulls-and-seacocks
  • Bilge Pumps: https://www.westmarine.com/WestAdvisor/Selecting-a-Bilge-Pump
  • Check battery fluid levels and add distilled water if needed
  • Fuel tanks should be full to prevent condensation from forming
  • Add an additive/stabilizer to reduce oxidation which can create deposits which could damage fuel injectors, fuel lines, and other system components.
  • Diesel fuel is very different from gasoline For best performance do not use fuel additives that claim to work in both gas and diesel. 
  • Turn off toilets and similar items. Leave toilet lids up.
  • Note how the boat is floating in the water.
  • Take pictures of the inside and outside of the boat in case something unforeseen happens and you need proof for an insurance claim. One picture is worth thousands of words.. and even more thousands of dollars!!
  • You might consider putting your boat on a lift if it is appropriate size.
  • Continue with cleaning the bottom of the boat.

Unexpected Events

Do your best and let the rest go! You can’t be perfect, no matter how hard you try, so give yourself credit for making an effort and try to stop stressing about every possible problem and outcome.

Marine Patrol and Marina staff will continue to maintain the security of our marinas. If you are on your boat they request boatowners continue to be vigilant and report any issues of concern to the marina offices: 562.570.3215 (Alamitos Bay Marina) or 562.570.4950 (Shoreline Marina). In the event of an emergency contact the Police Department utilizing 911.

WE ARE TURNING 60!

BOA was founded by regular people like you, as a grassroots organization with the mission of addressing and pursuing the common interests, issues and concerns of all boat owners in the Long Beach marinas.

We invite you to get involved and help us support our boating community. While we cannot celebrate in the way we would like to due to COVID-19, we invite you to join our board and volunteer your time to help make the Long Beach Marinas a better place for all of us.

Harbor information due to COVID-19

Attention all boaters:

CATALINA IS NOW OPEN!!!

The following information is from the Catalina Conservancy website:

Catalina longs for your return

During this difficult time, our hearts go out to all individuals around the world being impacted both directly and indirectly by COVID-19. The health and safety of visitors to and residents of Catalina Island, is our number one priority.

While the State of California remains under a “shelter in place” order from the governor, island businesses, parks, harbors and beaches are open with limited services. Los Angeles County environmental health orders are in effect including safe distancing and facemasks.  Information on the current status of county Safer At Home mandates are available here.  We recommend verifying any activity or business’ status directly with them before planning a visit. The State of California has also provided a resource guide available here.

RESTAURANTS

Many restaurants are open and available for take out, dine-in, curb-side service and delivery. View a list of our Open Restaurants with links to view menus and phone numbers for call ahead ordering.

RETAIL AND SERVICES

Our services and many of our retail shops are open (some offer online ordering and delivery). View a list of Open Retail and Services.

Hair Salons and barbershops have been approved to open. Check with your favorite for operational details.

AVALON MOORINGS

Avalon Harbor Patrol​ announced the opening of Avalon Harbor on May 22. California’s “Stay at Home Order” is in effect, your boat is your home. The fuel dock and shoreboat are available with limited hours. Open restaurants are take-out only.

Boaters may come ashore for essential activities. 

  • Face coverings are required
  • Per LA County, beaches and the dive park are open for “Active Recreation” only – no loitering, congregating, sitting, etc.
  • Per LA County, the Green Pleasure Pier is closed and available only for dinghy dock use; no loitering, congregating, sitting or recreating on the pier.

TWO HARBORS & WEST END MOORINGS

Catalina Island Company announced on Wednesday, May 13 that it has received authorization from the Los Angeles County Department of Beaches and Harbors, with the concurrence of the California State Lands Commission, to reopen the moorings it administers in the Two Harbors area to all boaters beginning today, Thursday, May 14. The sites, which include Isthmus Cove, Cat Harbor, Fourth of July Cove, Cherry Cove, Hen Rock, White’s Landing, Moonstone, Emerald Bay, Howland’s Landing, Little Geiger and Buttonshell, will be available on a first-come, first-serve basis.

Boaters will be able to come ashore for essential activities including:

  • Food and necessary shopping at the Two Harbors General Store (face coverings are required)
  • To-go food/drink pick up from the West End Galley (items must be consumed aboard your boat per County regulations)
  • Restroom and coin-op shower facilities
  • Trash facilities

The Two Harbors pier is available for shore access only and is not open for recreational use. While beaches are open for active recreation, activities such as sunbathing, sitting, gathering and picnicking are not permitted.

GOLF COURSES

In accordance with LA County Guidelines, the Catalina Island Golf Course is open as of Saturday, May 9. The following changes have been implemented with our golfers well-being in mind:

  • Only four golfers will be permitted on the course with ten minute minimums between tee times
  • We have placed pool noodles in the cups so golfers do not need to retrieve their ball to minimize contact
  • Rakes and ball washers have been removed.
  • The pro shop is closed.
  • Bring your own clubs; rental clubs or rental pull carts are not available
  • Only one person is allowed per golf cart which will be disinfected between each use upon its return with EPA approved products.

The health and safety of our guests and golfers has always been our top priority and we appreciate you choosing to golf with us. Please click here for more information.

TRAILS

As of Friday, May 8, Catalina Island hiking trails are open.

In accordance with LA County directives, Catalina Island hiking trails including the Hour Trail and Hermit Gulch Trail are now open. Please visit the Conservancy website for new safety guidelines and additional updated information.

  • Hiking without a face mask is permitted except if you are within 6′ of a non-family member or someone with whom you are not currently quarantining; appropriate social distancing is required.
  • Do not use the trails if you are exhibiting any symptoms.
  • Please follow all current LA County guidelines, found here.
  • Conservancy Rangers and LA County Baywatch remain on patrol across the Island.

BEACHES

The first phase of planned beach re-openings, including Avalon’s beaches, began this Wednesday, May 13. Here is a list of LA County’s “Beach Rules” :

  • Only individual or family exercises and activities will be allowed, such as walking, running, swimming, surfing, kayaking or paddleboarding.
  • Face coverings will be required out of the water & around others.
  • Six feet (or more) of physical distancing will be required between individuals outside of the same household.
  • NO: sunbathing, chairs, canopies, coolers, picnicking, sitting or lying on the sand.
  • NO Biking: bike paths, piers & boardwalks remain closed.
  • NO: group sports (such as Volleyball), gatherings or events.
  • NO: fishing
  • If you or people you live with are sick, stay home!
  • Those violating beach rules may be fined or penalized.

AIRPORT IN THE SKY

Catalina Island’s ACE Clearwater Airfield at Airport in the Sky is now open, with limited services, to all aircraft . Restrooms are open visitors and hikers. DC Gifts & Grill is closed and Wildland Express is not operating at this time.

WRIGLEY MEMORIAL AND BOTANIC GARDEN

Now open.

CASINO POINT DIVE PARK

Now open.

THE TRAILHEAD

The Catalina Island Conservancy announced the opening of the Trailhead on Monday, June 1, with limited operations.

LA COUNTY – EXAMPLES OF WHAT CAN BE OPEN


social distance in parks
retail covid
beach rules
How to wear

Many marina’s have cut back office hours and reduced staff. Website information has largely not been updated to reflect most recent changes. Call first.

As of Friday April 17, 2020

Dana Point Marina

Guest slips open normal hours – 949 496 6137

Dana Point Fuel Dock is open by appointment 10-2.

Newport Beach Marina Park

Open – Office counter is closed but folks are in there and will answer the phone. If you go, American Legion, right next door, is selling food and adult    beverages to go.  They are good folks and could use your business.

Huntington Harbor

Sunset Acquatic Marina – Transients not accepted currently.

Pete’s Landing Marina – Slips are full – but the 2hr guest slips for the restaurant and brewery are         available.

Brewery is closed, but Pelican Isle is open for take out.

Fuel Dock is open 8-3 daily.

Long Beach Marinas (Alamitos and Shoreline)

Closed to new boaters including Transients.

Current slip holders can get a temporary slip in the other marina, but the    marina is not accepting any boat they don’t already have on file.

Office door is closed but their in there answering the phone.

Shoreline – (562) 570-4950
Alamitos – (562) 570-3215

Both Fuel docks are open normal hours 8-4.

Cabrillo Marinas

Carbillo Way Marina, California Yacht Marina (Cabrillo Marina), CBYC marina. – Closed to new boaters. Jankovich’s Fuel dock is open normal hours 6-6.

Marina Del Rey

Burton Chase Park – Transient Guest Docks – Open normal hours – call 424 526-7910.

Del Rey Landing Fuel Dock –  May be closed – call 1st – 310-574-4443. 

Boat US provided the following guide to marinas in US and Mexico. https://www.waterwayguide.com/covid-19-reports

8 Ways to Love Boating While Safely Waiting Out Coronavirus – from our friends at BoatUS

Offshore Sailing School’s Learn to Sail, U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary’s Modern Marine Navigation courses free through May 15

Learning how to read charts is part of the online Modern Marine Navigation course now available at no cost through May 15.

SPRINGFIELD, Va., April 22, 2020 – For recreational boaters who are staying off the water during the coronavirus pandemic, there’s certainly more free time during what should be the busy spring launch season. So if boaters can’t get to their boats, what are they to do? Here are eight ways from Boat Owners Association of The United States (BoatUS) to keep the love of boating alive that could also make you a better, safer boat operator.

  1. Become a smarter sailor while saving big bucks by taking Offshore Sailing School’s Learn to Sail or the U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary’s Modern Marine Navigation courses free any time through May 15. Use the coupon code “learnfree” at BoatUS.org/Courses at registration.
  1. Checklists are great when you really need them — just ask the person at the boat ramp who forgot to install the hull drain plug. What kind of printed, laminated checklist would be helpful to have aboard? Ideas include: pre-launch checklist, trailering checklist (did you remember to cross the safety chains?), and safety checklist.
  1. Whether you’re an inshore day cruiser, offshore angler, or cruising sailor, you always need to be prepared to abandon ship. Here’s what to pack in a ditch kit.
  1. Docking can be a spectator sport. The BoatUS How to Dock a Boat YouTube playlist includes a range of docking scenarios that show you how, from outboard to inboard powered boats. It also includes ‘How to Back a Single Engine Inboard Boat Into a Slip’ – the single most impressive recreational boat docking maneuver of them all.
  1. If the boat and trailer are safely in the garage or driveway, now may be the time to look at all the things you never have enough time to, such as replacing outdrive anodes, changing trailer bearings or restoring the shine to gelcoat. It’s all in one place at BoatUS Trailer Boat YouTube playlist, including small boat handling tips such as ‘How to Use Trim Tabs,’ the most-watched BoatUS video ever.
  1. Learn how to tie up your family, pets or anything else around the house with help from the BoatUS Essential Boating Knots YouTube playlist. Practicing at home now will make these knots easier to remember aboard the boat when the pandemic is over.
  1. Consider supporting the waterfront businesses you enjoy and do business with – restaurants, chandleries, prop shops, sail lofts or other service providers – by purchasing a gift certificate. You can start by going to the local businesses’ website to see if they are available.
  1. Help protect the water you love and take the free, online BoatUS Foundation Clean Boating course, which offers simple steps you can take to reduce the impact boating activities on our waterways.

COVID-19 Need to know Q&A

The Long Beach Marina Boat Owners Association recently sat down with Marine Operations Superintendent – Todd Leland, in order to get information relevant to boaters regarding the current COVID-19 crisis.

Considering the unique situation of boat owners we developed the following Q/A regarding practices and recommendations to prevent further spread of Covid-19 virus in compliance with the Safer At Home Orders.

Question/Answers

Q: Will the Marine Bureau be open and staffed?

A:  The Marine Bureau will remain staffed, but closed to the public. In-person appointments may be made by calling 562.570.3215 (Alamitos Bay Marina) or 562.570.4950 (Shoreline Marina).

Q: Are we allowed to visit our boats? Other than social distancing are there any restrictions?

A: Yes, However make certain to follow all directives and guidelines associated with the “Safer at Home” order that went effective at midnight on Friday, March 20 for Long Beach and LA County.

Q: Are live-aboards still allowed to live on their boats?

A: Of course. They too are expected to abide by the directives and guidelines of the “Safer at Home” order that went effective at midnight on Friday, March 20 for Long Beach and LA County.

Q: Are we allowed to take our boats out of their slips? Are there any restrictions on where we can take our boats?

A: Yes. Just continue to follow the directives and guidelines of the “Safer at Home” order that went effective at midnight on Friday, March 20 for Long Beach and LA County. There are no on-water restrictions in place at this time.

Q: Can workers still come to our boats? For example: Cleaning the bottom of the boat, mechanics, and those people who wash and wax or otherwise maintain the exterior of our boats?

A: Yes. Just continue to follow the directives and guidelines of the “Safer at Home” order that went effective at midnight on Friday, March 20 for Long Beach and LA County. Please note – It is likely non-essential companies that boat owners employ will be closed in observance of the “Safer at Home” order. (i.e. – bottom cleaning, wash/wax/detailing)

Q: Has/will Marina Patrol stepped-up/enhanced/increased security in the Marina’s? Obviously there are concerns about the safety of our boats, especially since they may be likely targets if shortages become widespread.

A: Marine Patrol and Marina staff will continue to maintain the security of our marinas. We request that our boatowners continue to be vigilant across our docks and report any issues of concern to our marina offices or in the event of an emergency the Police Department utilizing 911.

Q: Will the marina areas continue to be maintained? The birds will not stop pooping and debris will still be prevalent.

A: Marine Maintenance and Beach Maintenance will continue to work every day to maintain our marinas, facilities and beaches.  

Q: Are there any special or increased number of cleanings being done in the bathrooms?

A: Marine Maintenance Custodial staff has always utilized disinfectant products to clean and sanitize the marina restrooms, both public and boatowners only, and will continue to do so. Staff has and will continue to institute the appropriate measures to maintain the cleanliness of the restrooms in accordance with COVID-19 response parameters.   

Q: Who should we call if we have a problem? Will Marine Patrol be walking the docks and alert us if they see a problem on our boats, like vandalism or sinking?

A: All Marine Bureau operations have remained in place and are active. In the event of an identified issue with a vessel in our marinas the owner will be immediately contacted by the Marine Bureau.

Q: Will we be granted the same protection of other renters in Long Beach such as: a prohibition of late fees and terminations?

A: At this time the City of Long Beach, by order of our Health Department, has temporarily adjusted policy on utility payments. Boat slip fees should not be compared to the community health critical utilities of water, gas, sewer and power. As we move ahead and the response processes to COVID-19 stabilize the Marine Bureau will address unpaid boat slips fees and penalties/late fees associated on a case-by-case basis.

Q: Will the pumpouts be maintained?

A: Yes, pump-outs are an essential Marina service and will continue to be maintained.

Q: Will the Marina have a remote video monitoring system?

A: A comprehensive security camera system is on our Marine Bureau capital improvement projects list. For a long-lasting, state-of-the-art system to be installed our marinas will first require a complete and extensive infrastructure upgrade to fiber optic cable. This project is in the planning phase. In the meantime, I do know of quite a few boaters that have video monitoring systems aboard their vessels. These are very similar, if not identical, to the wireless home security systems that can be purchased at home improvement stores.

Q: Do you have any other advice for boat owners? Perhaps the Marina has given this, or similar situation, some thought before we became so overwhelmed.

The two most important things to do are: remain calm and take care of your family, friends and neighbors. The easiest way to do this is to adhere to the directives and guidelines of the “Safer at Home” order that went effective at midnight on Friday, March 20 for Long Beach and LA County. Be a strong practitioner of social-distancing and report any and all issues of concern to the Marine Bureau offices or in the event of emergency to the police department utilizing 911.

RE: Fuel Dock

LBMBOA board members also spoke with Mike Lombardi, General Manager of Dion & Sons the new owners of the fuel docks in both Shoreline and Alamitos Bay.

Q: Will the fuel docks remain open during this period?

A: Yes, Hours are 8am – 5pm. Alamitos Bay Phone number: (562) 594-0888, Shoreline: (562) 491-4636

Q: Do you anticipate any fuel shortages?

A: No. the fuel dock is a gas station and as such is an essential service described as exempt in the Safer at Home order. There are no anticipated fuel shortages. We supply the Coast Guard, Life Guards and other essential operations.

Q: Dion & Sons took over the operation of the fuel docks Feb 1.  Tell us a little about the company.

A: Dion & Sons is full service petroleum distributor. The fuel is transported directly from one of our refinery locations to the marina. We used to supply the former fuel dock. We cover Southern California via 6 facilities. We plan substantial renovations to the fuel docks which will become more apparent in the next few months.  Prices will be very competitive.

Copper bottom paints… on the endangered list? Not yet!

Due to some environmental concerns regarding copper levels in the water inside marinas and harbors, some bottom paints have found themselves in the environmental cross hairs.

In 2003 the EPA issued a water quality study that noted that high concentrations of copper impact some marine growth.  The study suggested a concentration level below which marine growth impact was minimal.   The various water quality bureaus eventually started to test their own harbors, and finding some areas that exceed the recommended maximum, started copper reduction programs.

In 2016 the EPA issued a much more detailed study of copper’s impact across the whole spectrum of marine organisms. While noting that most marine organism show copper impacts only at very high concentrations, some of the organisms at the base of the marine food chain are very sensitive.  The study proposed a much lower concentration limit.  The various water quality bureaus have yet to react to the proposed new standard.

So is my favorite bottom paint going to disappear? Not yet!

In 2015 California Department of Pesticide Regulation mandated a reduced copper leach rate.  Last year, paint manufacturers responded by reformulating their brands.  Your new bottom doesn’t have your old favorite paint, but it does meet the reduced leach rate. 

Unless you’re in Marina Del Rey or Shelter Island Harbor you are probably going to be able to use your reduced leach rate paint for years.  Bureaucrats controlling those waters are still focused on reducing the copper load in those marinas.  They are focused now on limiting bottom cleaning.  Each cleaning removes a lot of copper laden paint and adds a lot of copper to the local waters. These two harbors have also tried non copper bottom paints, with limited success.

The State of Washington wanted to eliminate copper bottom paint by 2017.  Since no alternatives appeared, that was changed to 2021.  Last fall, the Washington State Department of Ecology warned that alternatives to copper presented their own environmental risks.  Washington State is considering moving the cut off date to 2025.

The rush to eliminate copper in bottom paints has slowed for now.  After years of wishing for an alternative to copper bottom paints, none have appeared.  So the next best step, is to slow the rate that copper leaches from your bottom paint into the marina waters. 

Want to know more?

Port of San Diego –   EZ to use and find out the hot spots in Shelter Island,  what they’ve learned and what they are doing: https://www.portofsandiego.org/environment/environmental-protection/copper-reduction-program

Marina Del Rey:  https://beaches.lacounty.gov/copper-pollution-reduction-programs/

Practical Sailor –  April 2020 issue includes an update on bottom paints including which non copper paints they recommend.  You’ll have to subscribe.

Want the details from the EPA:   https://archive.epa.gov/epa/wqc/2016-draft-estuarinemarine-copper-aquatic-life-ambient-water-quality-criteria.html

Tidelands… what is it?

By Dave Booker

California drew a coastal zone map and set up the California Coastal Commission to ensure public access to the coastal waters and beaches and regulate development within the coastal zone.   Local Agencies were required to develop a Local Coastal Program which, when approved by the Coastal Commission, would allow the locals to control development in their part of the coastal zone.  Long Beach has an approved Local Coastal Program … with one exception:

Only the Coastal Commission can approve development within any Tidelands.

So what are the Tidelands?

Long Beach Tidelands are lands between mean high tide and mean low tide , which include filled and unfilled lands , bordering upon, under, or situated below the mean high tide line of the Pacific Ocean, or of any harbor, estuary, bay, or inlet, which are within the corporate limits of the City.  They extend 3 miles offshore. 

Tidelands extend onshore in city owned parcels that abut the shore and are impacted by tides. These are called contiguous tidelands.

Long Beach was granted sovereign rights to these lands, including rights to the large oil deposits.   The money from oil extraction has been a boon to Long Beach for a very long time.

Tidelands – City Departments and Budgets

The city groups their services in and adjacent to the Tidelands properties into Tidelands Funds Groups. The following is a list of the different funds groups:

Uplands Oil Fund –  City Revenue from city owned oil operations and fees from oil operations.  These include both Signal Hill and Tideland fields.  2020 budgeted revenue is more than $12 million, $8.7 million is transferred to Tidelands and General Funds.

Tidelands Operations Fund- Funds City services within the Tidelands.  Beaches, police, fire, lifeguards.  Convention center and capital projects are here too.  Funding comes from parking, the oil fund, and from Port revenue.  2020 budget is $94 million

Tidelands Area Funds –   Developed properties within Tidelands:  Queen Mary, Aquarium of the Pacific, Rainbow Harbor, and Long Beach Marinas.

These funds are self-funding with revenue from rents and leases at Queen Mary, Carnival and Catalina Express terminals, and slip fees and in leases from marina businesses. The budget for these funds is $25 million.

Port Operations (Harbor Fund) – Covers the Long Beach Port Operations.   Generates over $545 million in revenue.  $20 million is budgeted to transfer to General and Tideland funds.

Long Beach Oil History

Long Beach 2020 Budget

Long Beach Breakwater won’t be broken up….but boaters beware, there is a new proposal.

In November 2019 the Army Corps of Engineers officially shot down the idea of breaking up the East breakwater which would have allowed surf to break along the beach. 

The Corps of Engineers team did return a recommendation for modifications to large areas inside the East breakwater that, they hope, would improve the vitality of the ocean ecosystem.  These changes will create new hazards for boaters:

The Long Beach breakwater, photographed on April 26, 2019 in Long Beach, California. (James Bernal for KPCC)

On the chart from the Army Core of Engineers (see below) these hazards are represented by blue and red circles and brown and blue ovals. These hazards occur near the jetty and along the beach, but also along the breakwater and areas close to Island Chaffee.

The hazards are described as follows:

Kelp Beds (blue circles) would be created by adding rock to raise the bottom to kelp preferred depth.

Offshore Rocky Reefs (red circles) would be created by overlaying the mud with a deep rock layer.

Nearshore Rocky Reefs (brown ovals) would be created by overlaying the mud with rock creating a barrier which minimizes erosion.

Eel grass Beds (blue ovals) would be established behind the nearshore reefs by raising the mud floor and planting eel grass.

The plan shows the locations where the possible boating hazards occur.

The Corps estimates the costs around $150 million, with the city’s share of the costs at around $50 million.

Long Beach Post has written an article about this subject and can be fond here: https://lbpost.com/news/tag/breakwater

The Army Corps of Engineers plan can be found here: https://usace.contentdm.oclc.org/utils/getfile/collection/p16021coll7/id/12867